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Minnesota Department of Transportation
High field density is desired for improving the durability of asphalt pavements. This research aims to develop Superpave 5 mixtures (more compactable than traditional Superpave mixtures) by using locally available materials to improve the field density in Minnesota.

First, previous projects in Minnesota were investigated. The mean and standard deviation of field density in Minnesota were about 93.5% Gmm and 1.5% Gmm, respectively. Significant correlations were identified between field density and mix design indices, i.e., Ndesign, NMAS, and fine aggregate angularity (FAA). Four traditional Superpave mixtures were then selected and modified to Superpave 5 mixtures by adjusting their aggregate gradations while maintaining the asphalt binder content. Laboratory performance tests were performed to check the mechanical properties of the modified mixtures. The results showed it was feasible to design Superpave 5 mixtures (more compactable mixtures) by adjusting aggregate gradations, and the improved compactability of the mixtures did not adversely affect the performance of the mixtures for rutting, stiffness, and cracking resistance. Therefore, Superpave 5 mixtures can increase field density as well as other performances of asphalt pavements if implemented.
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