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Minnesota Department of Transportation
Significant resources can be saved if reactive type of maintenance activities are replaced by proactive activities that could significantly extend the pavements service lives. Due to the complexity and the multitude of factors affecting the pavement deterioration process, the current guidelines for applying various maintenance treatments are based on empirical observations of the pavement surface condition with time. This report presents the results of a comprehensive research effort to identify the optimum timing of surface treatment applications by providing a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that control the deterioration process of asphalt pavements. Both traditional and nontraditional pavement material characterization methods were carried out. The nontraditional methods consisted of X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) for quantifying aging, while for microcracks detection, electron microprobe imaging test (SEM) and fluorescent dyes for inspection of cracking were investigated. A new promising area, the spectral analysis of asphalt pavements to determine aging, was also presented. Traditional methods, such as Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR), Direct Tension (DTT), Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for asphalt binders and BBR and Semi-Circular Bending (SCB) for mixtures were used to determine the properties of the field samples studied in this effort. In addition, a substantial analysis of measured pavement temperature data from MnROAD and simulations of pavement temperature using a one-dimensional finite difference heat transfer model were performed.
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